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Thrombosis is a condition in which a blood clot (thrombosis) forms in a blood vessel or vein in your body, often times in legs and ankles. There are several different types of thrombosis including Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), Arterial Thrombosis, Venous Thrombosis, and Thrombophlebitis.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) – DVT is a Thrombosis that happens in the deep veins of the legs. DVT may also damage the valves in the legs, which will prevent the blood from properly flowing back into the circulatory system, and can cause permanent blockage of the blood flow in a vein.
Arterial Thrombosis – An Arterial Thrombosis is a blood clot usually found in the brain or in the heart, and often will cause a heart attack or stroke.
Venous Thrombosis – This is a blood clot in a vein or blood vessel, usually in the Greater Saphenous Vein (GSV) or Small Saphenous Vein (SSV). Venous Thrombosis may cause pain and swelling in the legs and feet.
Thrombophlebitis –Thrombophlebitis (throm-bo-fluh-BI-tis), which is often referred to as phlebitis, is the inflammation of a vessel which may allow a blood clot to form and causes swelling in the actual vein.
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Thrombosis can happen after an injury to a vein, whether that injury was intentional or not. Whether the injury to the vein is intentional or not, the cause of the Thrombosis is the body’s natural response to injury, and its need to repair itself. This process is called hemostasis. In hemostasis, the injured vein will cause more blood platelets to accumulate in the injured part of the vein, creating a Thrombosis.
An intentional injury is something that takes place in your doctor’s office, usually as a method to treat Chronic Venous Disease (CVD), varicose veins, spider veins, and/or venous reflux. To repair the injured vein that is causing the underlying complaints of leg pain, swelling, skin discoloration, etc., your doctor may treat you by either;
- Sclerotherapy – Injecting your vein with a solution that forces cellular destruction of the vein – thereby eliminating the vein – or,
- VNUS Closure® FAST – By treating the vein with radio-frequency – causing the vein to seal shut, and ultimately be absorbed into the body.
Unintentional injuries happen as a result of a physical injury to the vein, such as a soccer ball making direct contact with a surface vein at high speeds or an automobile accident where there is damage to tissue that surrounds a vein.
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Schedule An Appointment
[/vc_column_text] [sentence title=”At the Center for Venous Disease, we make sure and train all of our staff on the insurance requirements so that you can get the best care possible! We will work with your insurance company to help make sure you get the best treatment and the least cost to you out-of-pocket. CVD is “In-Network” on most major plans. We won’t give up on you!” el_position=”last”] [/vc_column] [/vc_row] [vc_row top_margin=”none”] [vc_column top_margin=”none”] [box_header title=”What are the risk factors associated with Thrombosis?” type=”h3″ bottom_border=”1″ top_margin=”page_margin_top” el_position=”first”] [vc_column_text]
The risk factors that are associated with Thrombosis are:
- Sedentary lifestyle, or sitting or standing for long periods of time.
- Family history of blood clots, and/or DVT.
- Being on bed rest due to injury or illness.
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease.
- Heart failure.
- Birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy.
- Pacemaker, or catheter inserted into a vein.
- Being overweight or obese.
- Being tall.
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There are several symptoms that are associated with Thrombosis, but it is important to keep in mind that Thrombosis can present itself with no symptoms at all. The symptoms that are associated with Thrombosis are:
- Visual skin discoloration, darkening of the skin, or red streak.
- Aching pain in legs.
- Leg weakness.
- Swollen foot/feet.
- Swollen leg(s).
- Warmth over the affected area.
*Warning signs of a Pulmonary Embolism (life threatening) are:
- Sudden, unexplained onset of breathlessness.
- Pain or discomfort in your chest after you take a deep breath or expel a cough.
- Dizzy, lightheaded feeling.
- Increased pulse.
- Coughing up blood.
*If you are experiencing two or more of these symptoms, you may have PE and should go to the Emergency Room ASAP.
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Pain and discomfort associated with Thrombosis can be alleviated by wearing compression stocking immediately following a procedure (such as Sclerotherapy) or when there is pain, discomfort and swelling in the legs. Compression stockings can also be worn as a preventative to aid in proper blood flow. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication and warm compresses often give temporary relieve. Most likely, you’ll need to see your doctor, have an ultrasound done, and receive an Rx for an antibiotic.
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Your doctor will most likely use an ultrasound device to decipher the seriousness of the Thrombosis. Treatment for Thrombosis can vary widely depending on which vein is affected and if the vein is a superficial vein, or a deep vein. For superficial veins, your doctor may prescribe you an anti-coagulant medication therapy treatment plan (also referred to more commonly as blood thinners) to thin the blood and help pass the Thrombosis. You may be put on the anti-coagulant for a short period of time, or for a long period of time.
For deeper veins, and depending on the severity of the Thrombosis, your doctor may recommend surgery. It should be noted that DVT is a serious condition because if a blood clot were to break loose from the cellular wall of the vein, it could travel up to your lungs and cause a pulmonary embolism, which can be fatal. DVT may cause pain in the lower extremities, below where the blockage is, but it should be noted that often times there are no symptoms associated with DVT. It is important to get annual screenings for DVT to ensure that you don’t have a hidden killer living inside you.
[/vc_column_text] [/vc_column] [/vc_row] [vc_row top_margin=”none” el_position=”last”] [vc_column top_margin=”none”] [notification_box header=”Choosing Your Doctor” info_text=”The Center for Venous Disease (CVD) only employs specialists that are focused on Total Vein Care and we want our patients to get the best care they can get. In the Employment Agreement between CVD and our doctors, it is required that our doctors become Diplomates of the American Board of Venous and Lymphatic Medicine (ABVLM). A doctor who has been accredited through the ABVLM will have more experience than any other doctor that you could visit. This certification takes anywhere from 9-16 months to complete, on top of all of the other accreditations your doctor may have. In most cases, a CVD doctor may have a Board Certification in Vascular or General Vascular Surgery and have ABVLM Diplomate status as well. At CVD, we pride ourselves on knowing that our doctors will give our patients the best treatment plans possible, and the best chance of success on any treatment that they conduct. Call us today and see for yourself how being screened, evaluated, and treated by the best of the best can make all the difference in your world.” type=”info” custom_background_color=”#9187c4″ header_color=”#ffffff” content_text_color=”#ffffff” top_margin=”page_margin_top” el_position=”first last”] [/vc_column] [/vc_row]